African demographic challenges and opportunities: myths and realities

Policies and International Relations

English workshop

Africa will dominate global population dynamics in the 21st century. While today only represents 17% of the world population, its demographic growth is slowing down less rapidly than that of other continents. It could, by the end of the century almost become Asia's equal, i.e. represent up to 40% of the world population. In this context, Africa might boost economic growth, reduce poverty or increase political influence benefiting from favorable demographics dividends but… under what conditions? What are the different scenarios forecasted? How important can demographics dividends be for their economies? What are the myths and realities of the African demographic challenges and opportunities?


CODES - Ponentes - Borja Santos

Borja Santos

Independent advisor to governments and international organizations on public policies


He is a professional focused on the design, implementation, and evaluation of public policy during the last ten years, with a rich experience in leadership and problem-solving. Thanks to a multidisciplinary background, he has been working designing strategies for better economic growth and innovation with the government of Sri Lanka and the Harvard Center for International Development; carrying out impact evaluations in Perú;  supporting the institutional humanitarian response and disaster risk management of the government of Ethiopia and Ecuador; managing international aid projects at the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs; and working with private companies and the academia in Germany. Currently,  he works as an International Consultant for public policy and International Development, he teaches as an adjunct professor at IE University and he is also a director of international expansion at the IMFAHE Foundation.

Recently, he has finished his two-years Master in Public Administration in International Development at the Harvard Kennedy School, which was highly influential in shaping his skills in public service.